GET RID OF

You get rid of something (or someone) you do not want.

We must get rid of the rubbish in the garage.

A man from a telephone company came to sell me a new contract for my phone. I couldn’t get rid of   him. He stayed for more than an hour!!

We have got insects in the kitchen. How can we get rid of them?

You can get rid of them with insect spray.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAKE OFF

You take off something when you remove it.

I took off my jersey because I was hot.

We have got a new parquet floor. Please take off your shoes.

The opposite of “take off” is “put on”.  

 

TAKE OFF

A plane or something that flies takes off when it leaves the ground.

My plane takes off at 12:00. We arrive in Paris at 1:30.

The opposite of “take off”   is” land”   

 

 

 

 

 

 

PUT ON

Put on your anorak because it's raining.

I'm putting on weight. Last week I was 64kilos.   Today I'm 68kilos.

 




PICK UP

You can pick someone up from the airport or the station. You go to meet them with your car, for example.

Don’t worry. Don’t get a taxi. I will pick you up. What time does your plane arrive?

I’m going to pick up the children from school.  Bye.


PICK UP

You  pick up a language if you visit a foreign country and you start understanding a little of the language.

On holiday in the summer we went to Turkey. At first we didn’t understand anything, but after 2 weeks we had picked up a few useful words.


PICK UP

You can pick up an illness.

I picked up a bad cold when I went to Norway. I had to stay in bed for 2 days.  Be careful when you travel in tropical countries. You could pick up a strange ilness.

 

 

 

 

 

GET ON WITH

You get on with someone if you have a good relationship with them.

I don’t get on with my sister. We are always fighting.

I get on well with the people at work

 

 

 

 

 

 

RUN OUT OF

If you run out of  something it means that you haven’t got any more of something that you normally have.  

I have almost run out of  petrol. I must get some more at the next petrol station.

We have run out of milk. Can you quickly go to the supermarket to buy some more?

I’m sorry. You have run out of  time. The exam has finished. Put your pens down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAKE UP

You take up a new activity or a new hobby. It means that you start doing something new or different.

I’ve just taken up tennis. I really like it, but I’m not very good.

I took up martial arts when I was 6. Now I’m 26. I’ve been doing martial arts for 20 years.

If you’re stressed at work, why don’t you take up yoga or you could take up golf?

 

 

 

 

 

 

COME UP WITH

You come up with an idea, a suggestion or a solution to a problem. It means that you Think of an idea, suggestion or a solution.

The meeting was very good. We came up with lots of new ideas to improve the company.

I lost my house keys.  I didn’t know what to do. Michael the came up with solution. He found an open window at the back of the house.

 

 

 

 

 

 

GIVE UP

If you need to stop doing something you give it up. 

I’m going to give up smoking this year.  Last year I gave up coffee because coffee makes me nervous.

To give up also means to to stop trying to do something because it is too difficult.

We tried to arrive at the top of the mountain, but it was too cold, so we gave up and went back to base camp.

I’ve taken my driving test 7 times. I think I’m going to give up. It costs too much money. I will have to forget my car and use public transport.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOLD UP

If someone holds you up, that person does something to make you late.  If something holds you up, it makes you late.

My boss held me up because she wanted to talk to me.

I was held up by the traffic on my way to the airport.

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOOK INTO

You look into something when you investigate it or get more information about it.

The police are looking into the crime. We are looking into the possibility of having our international conference in New York next year.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

PUT UP WITH

To tolerate a situation.

I'm not going to put up with the children and their bad behaviour any longer.

We have to put up with a lot of noise from the neighbours. They are always having parties late at night.

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOOK UP TO

You look up to someone if you admire them or respect them.

Although  the  trainer is very hard, all the players look up to her because of her many years of experience and consistently good results.

 

 

 

 

 

 

GET IN TOUCH WITH

This means to make contact with someone.

The next time you're in England, please get in touch with us.

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOOK  AFTER

To take care of something or someone.

Can you look after our cats while we are on holiday? 

You can borrow my bike but you must look after it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TURN UP

To arrive in a place.

We missed the bus so, unfortunately we turned up late at the meeting.  

I waited for 45 minutes but my friends didn't turn up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PUT OFF

To postpone something.   Because of the bad weather, the football match was postponed.

 

PUT OFF

To discourage someone. To decide NOT to to something because of a negative feeling.

We wanted to go to Australia for the summer but we were put off by the Price of the plane tickets. We went to

Greece instead.

Are you really going to see that group at Wembley Stadium.  I don't want to put you off  but there will be so many people there. I don't think you will enjoy it.       

 

 

 

 

 

 

CARRY ON

To continue doing something.Thank you for helping me with my homework.  If you want to stop now, don't worry because I can carry on by myself.

It's a great film but I'm tired. I'm going to bed but you can carry on watching it if you want.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SET UP

To create or establish something like a company or an organisation.

My parents set up their company in 1990. Now it's the biggest textile company in Barcelona.

 

 

 

 

 

 

COME ACROSS

To find or discover something, someone or a place by chance.

We came across a wonderful restaurant in the middle of the forest.

I haven't seen Gregory for years but I came across his name on Facebook the other day. I think I'll

get in touch with him.

 .

 

 

 

 

 

FEEL/BE LET DOWN

A feeling of disappointment produced by someone's actions or behaviour.

I feel terribly let down by your attitude in the meeting. I thought you were going to support me, not go against me.

I'm sorry I let you down.  I won't do it again.

 

 

 

 

 

GROW UP/BE BROUGHT UP

To refer to the time when you were a child and your circumstances.

I grew up in a small village  /  I was brought up in a small village.

I grew up with my grandparents. They looked after me.   /  I was brought up by my grandparents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

COME ROUND

To regain consciousness. To wake up.

The injured skier lay unconscious for about 5 minutes and then started to come round, slowly.

 

COME ROUND

To visit someone or to go and see someone.

We are going to watch the football on TV tonight. Why don't you come round?

 

 

 

 

 

 

GET AWAY WITH

To do something wrong without being discovered.

I spilt wine on the new carpet, but nobody noticed. I think I got away with it.

The new boy copied my exam. The teacher didn't notice so he got away with it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAKE OVER

To take charge of a situation.

When you want to go home I'll take over.

 

TAKE OVER

When a large company buys a smaller company.

The supermarket was taken over by "Mercadona".

 

 

 

 

 

CUT DOWN

To reduce the amount of something.

I need to cut down on the number of cigarettes I smoke.

 

CUT DOWN

They are cutting down the trees in the park.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAKE AFTER

To resemble someone, show similarities to someone.

Christine takes after her mother. Her mother is a doctor and Christine is studying medicine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PUT SOMEONE UP

Provide accomodation for someone.

I need somewhere to stay after the concert. Could you put me up? I'll sleep on the sofa!

 

 

 

 

 

GET ON

You get on a bus, a plane, a boat. Generally larger vehicles which are ofetn used as forms of public transport.

The opposite of "get on"  is "get off" .

We got on the bus and sat down. 20 minutes later we got off  at the bus stop opposite the cinema.  







BE FED UP WITH

You are fed up when you are bored or feeling negative about something.

I'm fed up with my job. I really want to change.

I'm fed up with taking the bus every day. I think I'll buy a car.






 

 

 

 

 

 

BE INTO

To be interested in something.  To be involved in somrhing.

I'm into classical music. I go to concerts every week.

My mother is into gardening. She loves her garden.  My brother is into sports. His main sport is athletics.









BREAK DOWN

When a car or some other mechanical device or apparatus stops working and needs repairing.

My car broke down on my way to work. I had to call a mechanic.









BREAK INTO

Force entry into a building or possibly a vehicle.

Someone breaks into a building usually with the intention of  stealing something.

Someone has broken into my house and stolen my computer. They got in through the back window.












COME INTO

To receive something unexpectedly.

We came into some money last year. We received an inheritance from my auntie who died in the USA.








COME UP

To occur.

I'm sorry. I have to leave the meeting. Something has come up. I'm needed in the office.

The wedding was cancelled because something came up at the last minute. The bride's grandmother

had to go to hospital for an operation.











CUT OFF

Isolated or access is blocked.

The village was cut off because a tree had fallen on the road in the storm.

After the war the country was cut off from the rest of the world because of the totalitarian leaders

and their isolationist policies.








COUNT ON

Depend on someone.   You can count on Harriet. She will always help when it's necessary.

To be confident of something.  The new socialist party can count on the support of the majority of socialists in the región.









GIVE BACK

To return something to someone.

You can borrow my camera but please give it back to me tomorrow. I will need it.









GO OFF

When food goes bad , it goes off.

We can't eat that fish because it has gone off.  It smells terrible. Ihas been in the fridge for a week.











LOOK FORWARD TO

You look forward to something when you (really want to / or you can't wait to)  do something   that you have planned to do.

I'm looking forward to the holidays.

I'm looking forward to the football match next weekend. We're looking forward to seeing our cousins in the summer.

You can also use "LOOK FORWARD TO" to finish a letter or email.

I look forward to hearing from you. (formal)

I'm looking forward to hearing from you. (informal)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOOK UP

If you don't know the meaning of a word you look it up in a dictionary.

 












PUT SOMEONE THROUGH

You put someone through when you connect a caller to the person they want to speak to.

"Can I speak to Mr. Mitsubishi please?"

"Yes, I'll put you through."


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAKE IN

To understand something. "I couln't fully take in the meaning of the word."

"I found it hard to take in everything that she said to me. I asked her to repeat it several times."

To deceive someone.  "I was taken in by your joke yesterday. I believed you when you said you had won the lottery."   "I'm easily taken in. I believe everything people tell me."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TURN DOWN

To say "no" to something; for example the offer of a job.    "I turned down the job offer because the salary was very low." 

"I asked Samantha to marry me but she turned me down.  She said she wasn't ready for a serious relationship."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TURN INTO

To change from one thing to another.

"The frog turned into a prince."    "Even a small accident can quickly turn into a disaster."

"Water turns into ice at 0ºC."

 

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